Pattern of community activities for adaptation and problem-solving

that is unsatisfactory for meeting the demands or needs of the com-



• Deficits in participation

• Excessive conflicts

• Expressed powerlessness and vulnerability

• Failure of community to meet its own expectations

• High illness rate

• Increased social problems (abuse, divorce, and unemployment)

• Perception of stressors as excessive


• Deficits in community social

• Natural disasters

support services

• Man-made disasters

• Deficits in community social

• Inadequate resources for prob-


lem solving

ASSESSMENT FOCUS    (Refer  to  comprehensive  assessment  parameters.)

• Communication

• Risk management

• Coping

• Values and beliefs

• Healthcare system


Community members will

• Express awareness of seriousness of high school adolescent preg-

nancy rate in their community.

• Express need for plan to reduce prevalence of teen pregnancy.

• Develop and implement plan to reduce teen pregnancy.

• Evaluate success of plan in meeting goals and objectives and will

continue to revise it, as necessary.

• Report reduction in rate of teen pregnancy.


Community Competence; Community Health Status


Determine: Assess the following: community demographics; number of

teen pregnancies in the community in the past 2 years; attitudes toward

teen mothers and their infants; availability of programs in the schools

that help teen mothers continue their education; teens’ knowledge about

sex and sexuality; religious attitudes in the community toward sex

and sexuality; influence of religious groups on educators. Assessment

information will be useful in establishing appropriate interventions.

Perform: Collect statistical data from schools to analyze teen

pregnancy rates as a basis for evaluating a pregnancy prevention


program. Plan a teen pregnancy program that can be used in

schools. Include information on risks, problems, and complications

of teen pregnancy. Contact local corporations for financial assistance

in supporting educational programs.

Establish clubs for adolescent girls in the community. These can

be used as a method for educating as well as helping girls establish

healthy relationships.

Establish therapeutic relationships with pregnant adolescents to

build support during this difficult period.

Inform: Provide education on birth-control measures (including absti-

nence from sex) and have this information available at school.

Encourage an information campaign to educate adolescents, parents,

and community members about problems related to teen pregnancy.

Teach parent to observe behavioral cues from child. For example,

the child may become fussy when he is ready for a nap or may pull

his ear if he has an earache to indicate that he has pain. Explain the

range of options for responding to these cues in positive ways. Par-

ents may be unfamiliar with cues from child behavior.

Teach parents to give physical care when the need exists. The

parents may need instruction on the importance and proper way of

providing care. Teach relaxation techniques that can be done by the

parents such as guided imagery, progressive muscle relaxation, and

meditation. These measures restore psychological and physical equi-

librium by decreasing autonomic response to anxiety.

Encourage local youth groups and religious and social

organizations to feature guest speakers on pregnancy prevention at

their meetings. Speakers with expertise in the area of teen pregnancy

are better able to provide information that may help teens make

better choices in sexual behavior.

Attend: Encourage community members to establish school-based

clinics that allow teens access to reproductive-system models, preg-

nancy tests, and nonprescription birth-control measures to support

teens who choose to protect themselves from unwanted pregnancy.

Manage: Develop a referral list for teens that includes resources such as

hospitals with human sexuality courses, charities that provide prenatal

care and childbirth services, women’s clinics, and Planned Parenthood

to compensate for restricted access to information in the schools.


Community Health Development; Health Education; Health Screen-

ing; Program Development


Brindis, C. D. (2006). A public health success: Understanding policy changes

related to teen sexual activity and pregnancy. Annual Review of Public
Health, 27, 277–295.